Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan located in a strategic spot on the world map, linking the Americas, Africa and Europe Continents with Asia and the Far East with a total surface area of 89342km 2 of which 2% crops field area, 1% fruit area and 0.4% vegetable area (statistics 2000).
The country is governed by 12 different governorates with six border entry points. 20 health directorates are distributed throughout the country, in addition to the health control directorate in ASEZA and greater amman municipality in amman mandating over 45000 food activities distributed throughout the country (statistics 2007).
Jordan imports large quantities of different types of food from a number of countries. Imported food products enter the Jordanian food supply market either directly for consumer use; indirectly by being incorporated as raw material in manufactured foods; or, by being further processed before being offered for local marketing. Some of these food products are in turn sold for export marketing. At the present time approximately one-quarter of the total imports into Jordan are foodstuffs.
Food imports were valued of 3434.5 million Jordanian Dinars, whereas domestic food exports were valued of 116.3 million Jordanian Dinars (statistics 2001).
Jordan Food sector is governed by multi- official authorities in Jordan, namely :
- Jordan Food & Drug Administration, responsible according to the Food law no. 79/ 2001 and Public Health Law no. 54/ 2002 (Departments involved: Food Control, Disease Control, Health Safety Education, Food laboratories and border control committees) as well as district Health Directorates.
- Ministry of Agriculture according to the Agriculture law no. 44/ 2002 (Departments involved: Veterinary, Plant protection, Pesticide residues center, Veterinary laboratories and border agricultural centers).
- Ministry of Industry and Trade (Registration and licensing).
- Ministry of Municipalities according to Municipal law and Slaughterhouses by-law no.1/ 1985 (Departments involved: Public health, Slaughterhouse, Food and Meat laboratories).
Jordanian Institute of Standards and Metrology according to their JISM Law no. 22/ 2000
On January 2001, the geographical area surrounding the Port of Aqaba (where about 75% of food imports occurs), became the Aqaba Special Economic Zone (ASEZ) of an area 375km 2 , administered by a legal independent Authority, which has complete mandate over the administration of the activities within the zone.
The Aqaba Special Economic Zone (ASEZ) offers businesses and residents a planned environment consisting of high quality infrastructure, facilities, and support services, as well as an attractive package of incentives and liberal policy environment to help increase your operating efficiency.
The Aqaba Special Economic Zone (ASEZ) is a private sector-driven development initiative that maximizes private sector participation in a duty free, tax-advantaged and flexible regulatory operations environment with a vision to make the zone a leisure destination and trade hub in the region.
The Authority has jurisdiction over all common areas of responsibility associated with law, trade and development, public health, and public administration, among other responsibilities. For this purpose, ASEZA law no. 32/ 2000 came very powerful and thus memorandums of understandings were signed to submit responsibilities on phases to the zone authority avoiding duplication and redundancy of work done between the official government authorities.
The Health control Directorate has started functioning since January 2001 responsible on all health and food related activities in the zone under the law and the MoU’s signed with national government.
By August 2004, ASEZA / Health Control Directorate will take over the control of Domestic food compliance and preoperational inspections, whereas MoH will carry on the pharmaceuticals and medical services mandate in the zone with close coordination until capacity building is achieved within ASEZA.
As a member of the WTO, Jordan has accepted the responsibility of the terms of Membership. This means that the measures imposed in protecting the public health against hazards associated with food from imported sources must not be trade restrictive, arbitrary, or disguised technical barriers to trade. Measures are also to be scientifically justified using risk assessment methods acceptable at the international level.
Traditional food control measures for domestically produced foods are similar and are commonly applied in most countries. Some variations may exist, depending on the circumstances, cultural influences and available resources. For most countries, food produced by the domestic food industry within the country is produced from fresh agricultural primary products, with some products resulting from food processing and manufacturing. The former is more the case for developing countries, while the latter is more indicative of the industrialized countries.
FFood & Health Control ,Food Services in ASEZAood & Health Control ,Food Services in ASEZA